Periodontal therapy is a type of treatment for gum disease. It is used to remove plaque and tartar buildup below the gum line, which can cause inflammation and damage to the gums and bone. Periodontal therapy can help to prevent tooth loss and improve overall oral health.
The Different Types of Periodontal Therapy
There are two main types of periodontal therapy: non-surgical and surgical.
Non-surgical periodontal therapy is the most common type of treatment. It involves a deep cleaning of the teeth and gums, which is done by a dentist or periodontist. During a deep cleaning, the dentist or periodontist will use special tools to remove plaque and tartar buildup below the gum line.
Surgical periodontal therapy is used to treat more advanced cases of gum disease. It involves removing plaque and tartar buildup that cannot be removed with a deep cleaning. Surgical periodontal therapy may also be used to repair damage to the gums and bone.
The Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The symptoms of periodontal disease can include:
- Bleeding gums when brushing or flossing
- Red, swollen gums
- Gum recession
- Loose teeth
- Bad breath
If you have any of these symptoms, it is important to see one of our dentists for a diagnosis and treatment.
The Risks of Not Treating Periodontal Disease
If periodontal disease is not treated, it can lead to a number of serious problems, including:
- Tooth loss
- Bone loss
- Systemic health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes
How Does Periodontal Disease Cause Tooth Loss, Bone Loss, and Systemic Health Problems?
Periodontal disease or gum disease is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the gums and bone that support the teeth. It is caused by the buildup of plaque, a sticky film of bacteria that forms on the teeth. If plaque is not removed regularly, it can harden into tartar, which can irritate the gums and lead to inflammation.
As the inflammation progresses, it can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, forming pockets. These pockets can become filled with bacteria and plaque. Bacteria in plaque produce toxins that irritate the gums. This irritation can cause the gums to become inflamed and swollen. The inflammation can damage the tissues that support the teeth, including the bone. As bone loss progresses, the teeth may become loose and eventually fall out.
Studies have shown that people with periodontal disease are also at an increased risk of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. This is because the bacteria that cause periodontal disease can enter the bloodstream and travel to other parts of the body, where they can cause inflammation and damage.
How to Prevent Periodontal Disease
The best way to prevent periodontal disease is to practice good oral hygiene. This includes brushing and flossing your teeth twice a day, seeing your dentist for regular checkups, and avoiding smoking. Eating a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables can also help.
If you have any of the symptoms of periodontal disease, such as bleeding gums, red or swollen gums, or loose teeth, it is important to see our dentists for a diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis and treatment can help to prevent tooth loss and other serious health problems.
Periodontal therapy is an important treatment for gum disease. It can help to prevent tooth loss and improve overall oral health.
Here are some additional tips for preventing periodontal disease:
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.
- Floss at least once a day, preferably twice, especially if you are more prone to gum problems and cavities.
- See your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings.
- Avoid smoking.
- Eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables.
By following these tips, you can help to keep your gums healthy and prevent periodontal disease.
How Millennium Family Dental Can Help
Millennium Family Dental in Meridian, ID, is a full-service dental practice that can keep your teeth and gums healthy and prevent gum disease. Give us a call today to schedule a consultation if you have bleeding gums or loose teeth.